Bathymetric distribution of ichnocoenoses from recent subtropical algal nodules off Fraser Island, eastern Australia

Davide Bassi, Yasufumi Iryu, Juan C. Braga, Hideko Takayanagi, Yoshihiro Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Coralline algal nodules living on the subtropical shelf off Fraser Island, eastern Australia, from the inner to the uppermost outer-shelf, from 28 to 117. m water depth are pervasively bioeroded. Five ichnogenera have been identifed as nodule borers, comprising one ichnotaxon attributed to bivalves (Gastrochaenolites), one to sponges (Entobia) and three to polychaetes and barnacles (Trypanites, Maeandropolydora, Rogerella). Microtraces comparable to those produced by fungi, algae, bacteria and/or sponges are also present. Two ichnocoenoses have been recognised. The 'shallow' water ichnocoenosis (EGTM) occurs at 60. m and shallower depths and includes all identified ichnogenera. The 'deep' water ichnocoenosis (from 68 to 117. m) is characterised by Trypanites and the Trypanites/. Maeandropolydora network (TM ichnocoenosis) with a generally higher boring density than in shallower nodules. Decreasing size of algal nodules and reduced thickness of the coralline thalli probably explain the decrease in diversity of ichnogenera with depth, as the larger bioeroders are excluded from the ichnoassemblages. Lower growth rates favour higher density of bioerosion in deeper algal nodules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1


  • Australia
  • Bioeroder distribution
  • Coralline red algae
  • Ichnocoenosis
  • Recent
  • Subtropical carbonates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology


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