Baseline high heat flux and plasma facing materials for fusion

Y. Ueda, K. Schmid, M. Balden, J. W. Coenen, Th Loewenhoff, A. Ito, A. Hasegawa, C. Hardie, M. Porton, M. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


In fusion reactors, surfaces of plasma facing components (PFCs) are exposed to high heat and particle flux. Tungsten and Copper alloys are primary candidates for plasma facing materials (PFMs) and coolant tube materials, respectively, mainly due to high thermal conductivity and, in the case of tungsten, its high melting point. In this paper, recent understandings and future issues on responses of tungsten and Cu alloys to fusion environments (high particle flux (including T and He), high heat flux, and high neutron doses) are reviewed. This review paper includes; Tritium retention in tungsten (K. Schmid and M. Balden), Impact of stationary and transient heat loads on tungsten (J.W. Coenen and Th. Loewenhoff), Helium effects on surface morphology of tungsten (Y. Ueda and A. Ito), Neutron radiation effects in tungsten (A. Hasegawa), and Copper and copper alloys development for high heat flux components (C. Hardie, M. Porton, and M. Gilbert).

Original languageEnglish
Article number092006
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 9


  • copper alloy
  • high heat flux materials
  • plasma facing materials
  • tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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