Baroreflex Sensitivity of an Arterial Wall during Rotary Blood Pump Assistance

Tomoyuki Yambe, Kou Imachi, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Tasuku Yamaguchi, Mune Ichi Shibata, Takeshi Kameyama, Makoto Yoshizawa, Norihiro Sugita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is well known that the baroreflex system is one of the most important indicators of the pathophysiology in hypertensive patients. We can check the sensitivity of the baroreflex by observing heart rate (HR) responses; however, there is no simple diagnostic method to measure the arterial behavior in the baroreflex system. Presently, we report the development of a method and associated hardware that enables the diagnosis of baroreflex sensitivity by measuring the responses of both the heart and the artery. In this system, the measurements are obtained by monitoring an electrocardiogram and a pulse wave recorded from the radial artery or fingertip. The arterial responses were measured in terms of the pulse wave velocity (PWV) calculated from the pulse wave transmission time (PTT) from the heart to the artery. In this system, the HR change corresponding to the blood pressure change in time series sequence was observed. Slope of the changes in blood pressure and HR indicated the sensitivity of the baroreflex system of the heart. This system could also measure the sensitivity of the baroreflex system of an artery. Changes in the PWV in response to the blood pressure changes were observed. Significant correlation was observed in the time sequence between blood pressure change and PWV change after calculating the delay time by cross-correlation. The slope of these parameter changes was easily obtained and it demonstrated the sensitivity of the baroreflex system of an artery. We evaluated this method in animal experiments using rotary blood pump (RBP) with undulation pump ventricular assist device, and PTT elongation was observed in response to increased blood pressure with RBP assistance. Furthermore, when tested clinically, decreased sensitivity of the baroreflex system in hypertensive patients was observed. This system may be useful when we consider the ideal treatment and follow-up of patients with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-770
Number of pages4
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Arterial baroreflex
  • Baroreceptor
  • Baroreflex sensitivity
  • Pulse wave transmission time
  • Pulse wave velocity
  • Rotary blood pump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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