BACH1 promotes pancreatic cancer metastasis by repressing epithelial genes and enhancing epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Masaki Sato, Mitsuyo Matsumoto, Yuriko Saiki, Mahabub Alam, Hironari Nishizawa, Masahiro Rokugo, Andrey Brydun, Shinji Yamada, Mika K. Kaneko, Ryo Funayama, Mamoru Ito, Yukinari Kato, Keiko Nakayama, Michiaki Unno, Kazuhiko Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is among the cancers with the poorest prognoses due to its highly malignant features. BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) has been implicated in RAS-driven tumor formation. We focused on the role of BACH1 in PDAC, more than 90% of which have KRAS mutation. Knockdown of BACH1 in PDAC cell lines reduced cell migration and invasion, in part, by increasing E-cadherin expression, whereas its overexpression showed opposite effects. BACH1 directly repressed the expression of FOXA1 that is known to activate the expression of CDH1 encoding E-cadherin and to inhibit epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. BACH1 also directly repressed the expression of genes important for epithelial cell adhesion including CLDN3 and CLDN4. In a mouse orthotopic implantation model, BACH1 was required for the high metastatic ability of AsPC-1 cells. IHC analysis of clinical specimens with a newly developed anti-BACH1 mAb revealed that high expression of BACH1 is a poor prognostic factor. These results suggest that the gene regulatory network of BACH1 and downstream genes including CDH1 contribute to the malignant features of PDAC by regulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1279-1292
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Research
Volume80
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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