Axisymmetric toroidal modes of magnetized neutron stars

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Abstract

We calculate axisymmetric toroidal modes of magnetized neutron stars with a solid crust. We assume the interior of the star is threaded by a poloidal magnetic field that is continuous at the surface with the outside dipole field whose strength Bp at the magnetic pole is Bp ∼ 10 16 G. Since separation of variables is not possible for oscillations of magnetized stars, we employ finite series expansions of the perturbations using spherical harmonic functions to represent the angular dependence of the oscillation modes. For Bp ∼ 1016 G, we find discrete normal toroidal modes which form distinct mode sequences, in each of which the oscillation frequency of the toroidal mode slowly increases as the number of radial nodes of the eigenfunction increases. The frequency spectrum of the toroidal modes for Bp ∼ 1016 G is largely different from that of the crustal toroidal modes of the non-magnetized model, although the frequency ranges are overlapped each other. This suggests that an interpretation of the observed quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) based on the magnetic toroidal modes may be possible if the field strength of the star is as strong as Bp ∼ 1016 G.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2069-2079
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume385
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Stars: magnetic fields
  • Stars: neutron
  • Stars: oscillations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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