Axisymmetric spheroidal modes of neutron stars magnetized with poloidal magnetic fields

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Abstract

We calculate axisymmetric spheroidal modes of neutron stars magnetized with an axisymmetric poloidal magnetic field. We use polytropes of the indices n ~ 1 as background equilibrium models of neutron stars where we ignore the deformation due to the magnetic fields. For a poloidal magnetic field, axisymmetric normal modes of non-rotating stars are decoupled into spheroidal modes and toroidal modes, and we can treat spheroidal modes separately from toroidal modes. For the surface field strength BS ranging from 1014 to 1016 G, we calculate axisymmetric spheroidal magnetic modes whose oscillation frequency is proportional to BS The typical oscillation frequency of the magnetic modes is ~0.01 × √ GM/R3 for BS ~ 1015 G, where M and R are, respectively, the mass and radius of the star and G is the gravitational constant. ForM= 1.4M and R = 10 6cm, this frequency is ~20 Hz, which may explain lowfrequency quasi-periodic oscillations found for SGR 1806-204 and SGR 1900+14. We also find modes of frequency ≳ √ GM/R3 corresponding to the radial fundamental and first harmonicmodes. No unstablemagnetic modes are found for axisymmetric spheroidal oscillations of magnetized stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3661-3670
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume473
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

Keywords

  • Stars: magnetars
  • Stars: magnetic field
  • Stars: neutron
  • Stars: oscillations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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