Axisymmetric p-mode pulsations of stars with dipole magnetic fields

Hideyuki Saio, Alfred Gautschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of a dipole magnetic field on adiabatic axisymmetric non-radial p-mode pulsations is studied numerically. The angular dependence of pulsation, which cannot be represented by a single spherical harmonic in the presence of a magnetic field, is expanded into a series of spherical harmonics with different degrees ℓ. The presence of a magnetic field not only shifts the pulsation frequency, the pulsations are also damped due to the generation of magnetic slow waves. In agreement with the results of Cunha & Gough, who used a different approach from ours, we find that the effect of a magnetic field on the intermediate-to-high-order p-modes is not monotonic but cyclic with respect to the pulsation frequency and the magnetic field strength. The damping rate of a high-order p-mode becomes very small at about 3 kG and 8 kG; the corresponding field strengths are higher for lower overtones. The diminished magnetic damping is favourable for the corresponding modes, if they are excited by the classical κ-mechanism, to survive even in the presence of a strong magnetic field. This picture could explain the mode selection as observed in the rapidly oscillating Ap stars. For a low-order p-mode, the damping rate increases as the strength of the magnetic field increases. We find that in the presence of a magnetic field of a few kG, magnetic damping seems to exceed the driving owing to the κ-mechanism of oscillations representative of δ Scuti variability. This may explain why δ Scuti-type oscillations are unlikely to be seen in magnetic Ap stars. The amplitude of a mainly dipole (or quadrupole) mode is strongly confined to the magnetic axis in the outer layers. Furthermore, horizontal motion can be comparable to radial motion even for high-order p-modes. We discuss the influence of the magnetic distortion of the eigenfunction on the pulsation amplitude modulation with respect to the rotation phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-505
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume350
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May 11

Keywords

  • Stars: chemically peculiar
  • Stars: magnetic fields
  • Stars: oscillations
  • Stars: variables: other

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Axisymmetric p-mode pulsations of stars with dipole magnetic fields'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this