Auxin-mediated response of cucumber seedlings to gravity

Nobuharu Fujii, Hideyuki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Gravity regulates peg formation because cucumber seedlings grown in a horizontal position develop a peg on the lower side of the transition zone (TR zone) but not on the upper side. Studies on peg formation have suggested the regulation of peg formation by gravity as follows. Cucumber seedlings potentially develop a peg on both the lower and upper sides of the TR zone. The development of the peg on upper side of the TR zone is suppressed in response to gravity. A phytohormone, auxin, induces peg formation. Upon gravistimulation the auxin concentration on the upper side of the TR zone is reduced to a level below the threshold value necessary for peg formation. The unequally distributed auxin across TR zone is caused by a change in accumulation of auxin influx carrier (CsAUX1) protein and auxin efflux carrier (CsPIN1) protein in response to gravity. In addition, TR zone before peg initiation expresses both CsARF2 (putative activator of auxin response factor) and CsIAA1 (putative repressor of auxin-inducible gene expression), by which TR zone could respond the auxin gradient regulated by gravity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalBiological sciences in space = Uchū seibutsu kagaku
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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