Autosomal loci associated with a sex-related difference in the development of autoimmune phenotypes in a lupus model

Naoko Misu, Mingcai Zhang, Shiro Mori, Tatsuhiko Miyazaki, Hiroshi Furukawa, Takeshi Sasaki, Masato Nose, Masao Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Sex-related differences (SrD) are a general characteristic of human autoimmune dieases. There is an increasing body of evidence that suggests a link between sex-related hormones and autoimmune onsets. Here, through a genetic approach using a lupus mouse model, we attempted to show the involvement of genetic factors in the development of SrD in autoimmune diseases. Using MRL/lpr x (MRL/lpr x C57BL/6.Faslpr)F1 (MBN2) mice, the whole genome was searched to identify linkage loci to autoimmune phenotypes inherited from a lupus MRL/Mp.Faslpr (MRL/lpr) strain of mice, which exhibits glomerulonephritis, splenomegaly and antinuclear autoantibody. The genome-wide association study confirmed four linkage loci on chromosomes 4, 7, 13, and 17. Furthermore, differential analyses performed using male and female groups of MBN2 mice revealed that two loci located on chromosomes 4 (41-72 cM, MRL/lpr allele) and 7 (4-21 cM, B6/lpr allele) were male specific and suppressed autoimmune phenotypes. Notably, the sum effect of the two loci adequately explained a range of SrD developed in the MBN2 mice. Our present findings suggest the presence of a male predominant mechanism underlying the development of SrD in autoimmunity, depending on the effects of autosomal loci under an undefined male-specific condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2787-2796
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct


  • Animal models
  • Autoimmunity
  • Genetics
  • Rheumatology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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