(Chemical Equation Presented) The reaction of o-alkynylbenzaldehydes 1 and alkynes 2 in the presence of a catalytic amount of AuCl3 in (CH2Cl)2 at 80 °C gave naphthyl ketone products in high yields. The AuCl3-catalyzed formal [4 + 2] benzannulation proceeds most probably through the coordination of the triple bond of 1 to AuCl3, the formation of benzo[c]pyrylium auric ate complex via the nucleophilic addition of the carbonyl oxygen atom, the Diels-Alder addition of alkynes 2 to the auric ate complex, and subsequent bond rearrangement. Similarly, the AuCl3-catalyzed reactions of o-alkynylacetophenone and o-alkynylbenzophenone with phenylacetylene afforded the corresponding naphthyl ketone products in good yields.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry