Scanning tunneling microscopy is applied for the first time to an atomic-resolution investigation of the 4×2 and 4×6 phases on a gallium-rich GaAs(001) surface obtained by molecular-beam epitaxy and migration-enhanced epitaxy. A unified structural model is proposed with consideration of the results of experiments and first-principles calculations of the total energy. In this model the 4×2 phase consists of two Ga dimers in the top layer and a Ga dimer in the third layer, and the 4×6 phase is matched to periodically arranged Ga clusters at the corners of a 4×6 unit cell on top of the 4×2 phase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)