Atomic scale devices: Advancements and directions

Enrico Prati, Takahiro Shinada

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


We review the theoretical and experimental advances in nanometric-scale devices and single atom systems. Few electron devices are currently obtained either by fabricating nanometric-scale semiconductor FinFETs and quantum dots, or by doping them with few impurity atoms. Devices of such size, originally realized by employing either pre-industrial or laboratory processes, are now being fabricated in commercial 14 nm node architecture. They have lead, starting from the 90's, to the observation of classical non-linear effects, to spin- and orbital-related quantum effects, manipulation of few qubits and to many-body quantum effects. As scaling of devices continues, the natural question is whether single atom and few electron devices will represent the ultimate scaled technology. We highlight high points and major constraints and limitations to state-of-the-art fabrication based on lithography and doping, and their possible integration with different methods such as self-assembly, inspired by biology and natural systems. "At the atomic level, we have new kinds of forces and new kinds of possibilities, new kinds of effects. The problems of manufacture and reproduction of materials will be quite different. I am, as I said, inspired by the biological phenomena in which chemical forces are used in repetitious fashion to produce all kinds of weird effects (one of which is the author). R. Feynman, 1957"

Original languageEnglish
Article number7046961
Pages (from-to)1.2.1-1.2.4
JournalTechnical Digest - International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM
Issue numberFebruary
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 20
Event2014 60th IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM 2014 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2014 Dec 152014 Dec 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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