Atomic ordering reaction and associated variation of magnetic coercivity of oriented L10-FePt nanoparticles

Kazuhisa Sato, Bo Bian, Yoshihiko Hirotsu

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    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Atomically ordered FePt nanoparticles (L10-type structure) covered with amorphous (a-) Al2O3 have been fabricated. In this process, Fe particles were deposited on Pt "seed" particles which were epitaxially grown on (100) NaCl or MgO substrates. Annealing the a-Al2O3/Fe/Pt films at temperatures higher than 773 K leads to a formation of ordered nanoparticles with mutual fixed orientation in a monolayer form. Three variant ordered domains of the tetragonal L10 structure coexisted in a single nm-sized FePt particle, even in a particle as small as 7 nm. According to in-situ electron diffraction study, the degree of order of the ordered structure started to increase on annealing at 773 K and almost saturated on annealing at 873 K for 16 h. The magnetic coercivity varied depending on the particle size and the degree of order in the L10 structure formation. The perpendicular coercivity exceeded the in-plane one during the annealing. The in-plane coercivities of FePt nanoparticles measured both parallel to [100]MgO and [010]MgO directions were almost equal in numerical value. These results reflect the ordered domain formation process and the volume fraction of the domains. Remanent magnetization decay measured for the in-plane magnetization revealed a magnetic relaxation with the type of magnetic dipolar interaction between the FePt particles.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)109-114
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Ceramic Processing Research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 1


    • Amorphous AlO
    • Atomic ordering
    • Hard magnetism
    • High-density recording
    • HRTEM
    • L1-FePt
    • Remanent magnetization decay
    • Thermal fluctuation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ceramics and Composites


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