AxBAx-type block-graft polymers with middle soft segments and outer hard graft chains by ruthenium-catalyzed living radical polymerization: Synthesis and characterization

Yu Miura, Kotaro Satoh, Masami Kamigaito, Yoshio Okamoto, Takeshi Kaneko, Hiroshi Jinnai, Syuji Kobukata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ruthenium-catalyzed living radical polymerization was applied to the synthesis of a series of all methacrylic well-defined AxBA x-type block-graft copolymers consisting of soft middle segments [dodecyl methacrylate (DMA)] and hard outer graft chains [methyl methacrylate (MMA)] with controlled lengths of the backbone and graft chains and controlled graft numbers. This synthetic method was based on the CHCl2(COPh)/ Ru(Ind)Cl(PPh3)2-initiated sequential living radical block copolymerization of DMA and 2-(trimethylsilyoxy)ethyl methacrylate (TMSHEMA) followed by the direct transformation of the silyloxy groups into the ester with C-Br bond by 2-bromoisobutyroyl bromide and the ruthenium-catalyzed "grafting-from" polymerization of MMA. A series of the block-graft copolymers were then characterized by NMR, size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), multiangle laser light scattering (MALLS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic viscoelasticity, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The NMR and SEC-MALLS indicate the well-defined synthesis of the AxAx block-graft copolymers with graft chains as branched structure. The DSC and viscoelasticity show the presence of two transitions suggesting a microphase separation, which was observed by TEM and proved different from that of the ABA triblock copolymer with the same composition. A visualization of single molecules by AFM was achieved for the first time to show the dumbbell-like structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-473
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 6
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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