Association of serum adiponectin levels and body mass index with worsening depressive symptoms in elderly individuals: a 10-year longitudinal study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Data regarding the association between adiponectin levels and body mass index (BMI) and long-term changes in depressive symptoms are limited and inconsistent. Thus, we investigated whether circulating adiponectin levels and BMI were independently and combinedly correlated to longitudinal changes in depressive symptoms. Methods: This prospective cohort study evaluated 269 elderly Japanese individuals aged ≥70 years who participated in the Tsurugaya Project conducted between 2002 and 2012. A short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used to assess depressive status. Serum adiponectin levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or a latex particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay. BMI was calculated as body weight (kg)/height (m2). Results: Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that baseline serum adiponectin levels were positively associated with changes in GDS scores (β = 0.14, P = 0.035). However, no association was observed after adjusting for BMI (β = 0.09, P = 0.185). Low BMI was associated with increased GDS scores at the 10-year follow-up (β = -0.14, P = 0.033). Participants with a combination of high adiponectin levels and low BMI had a 3.3-fold higher risk of worsening depressive symptoms than those with low adiponectin levels and high BMI (odds ratio: 3.35, 95% confidence interval: 1.60–7.00; P = 0.001). Conclusions: This longitudinal study indicated that high serum adiponectin levels and low BMI were both associated with worsening depressive symptoms among older Japanese individuals. Furthermore, the combination of high adiponectin levels and low BMI was associated with worsening depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-731
Number of pages7
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 3

Keywords

  • Adipokine
  • adiponectin paradox
  • depression
  • jolly fat
  • longitudinal study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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