Association of cigarette smoking and CYP1A1 polymorphisms with adenocarcinoma of the lung by grades of differentiation

Kei Nakachi, Shin ichi Hayashi, Kaname Kawajiri, Kazue Imai

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Abstract

We have previously reported on an association of genetic susceptibility to squamous cell carcinoma of the lung with two polymorphisms of the CYP1A1 gene, an Mspl polymorphism and an isoleucine-valine (Ile-Val) polymorphism. We report here that the two CYP1A1 polymorphisms were associated with current or ex-smokers with adenocarcinoma of the lung. We first compared smoking status of the patients by differentiation grades of adenocarcinoma. Proportion of current or ex-smokers and their cigarette consumption was the highest among the poorly differentiated. Second, the two polymorphisms of CYP1A1 were examined among current or ex-smokers with three differentiation grades, and we found that poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma showed significantly high frequencies of genotypes C and Val/Val, which have been found to be 'susceptible' in squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Third, a case-control study was carried out to estimate the genetic risk for CYP1A1 genotypes to differentiation grades, selecting only current or ex-smokers in patients and controls. Current or ex-smokers with 'susceptible' genotype C or Val/Val were at significant risk, with an odds ratio of 3.25 or 3.22 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.40-7.56 or 1.00-10.32) for adenocarcinoma as a whole, respectively. The odds ratio increased to 4.51 or 4.09 (95% CI, 1.73-11.78 or 1.12-14.91) for poorly differentiated, while the odds ratios for other differentiated grades were not significant. Finally, a relation of the genetic risk to cigarette dose levels was evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2209-2213
Number of pages5
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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