Association between trunk pain and lower extremity pain among youth soccer players: A cross-sectional study

Yasuhito Sogi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Toshihisa Yano, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Soccer is a high-intensity sport with a high injury rate. Among youth soccer players, lower extremity pain is a major problem that could be associated with trunk function. This study investigated the association between lower extremity pain and trunk pain among youth soccer players. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving youth soccer players participating in the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association was conducted using a self-reported questionnaire. A multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between trunk pain and lower extremity pain. Covariates were sex, age, body mass index, height increase, number of days of training per week, practice time per day on weekdays or weekends, competition levels, frequency of participation in games, and previous injuries. Results: The final study population comprised 1139 youth soccer players (age, 6–15 years; male, 94.2%). Lower extremity pain with concomitant trunk pain occurred in 61.8% (42/68). Trunk pain was significantly associated with lower extremity pain (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 6.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.99–11.67). Back pain and hip pain were significantly associated with knee pain (adjusted OR [95% CI]: 7.63 [3.70–15.76] and 3.84 [1.89–7.83], respectively), ankle pain (adjusted OR [95% CI]: 9.03 [4.42–18.44] and 5.43 [2.77–10.62], respectively), and both knee and ankle pain (adjusted OR [95% CI]: 13.67 [6.01–31.09] and 5.98 [2.56–13.97], respectively). Conclusions: Trunk pain was associated with lower extremity pain among youth soccer players. Clinicians and coaches should consider comorbidities while treating those players.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalBMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Ankle pain
  • Epidemiological study
  • Knee pain
  • Lower extremity
  • Trunk
  • Youth soccer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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