Association between social participation and incident risk of functional disability in elderly Japanese: The Ohsaki Cohort 2006

Tatsui Otsuka, Yasutake Tomata, Shu Zhang, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Fumiya Tanji, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although several longitudinal studies have examined the relationship between social participation and incident functional disability, the related mechanisms have remained unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms linking social participation to incident functional disability. Methods: We analyzed follow-up data for 11,992 older adults (≥65 years) participating in a community-based, prospective cohort study covering a 9-year period. At the baseline, the subjects were asked about three types of participation in community activities (volunteering, hobbies, and neighborhood associations) and the frequency of their participation. Data on incident functional disability were retrieved from the public Long-term Care Insurance database. The Cox model was used to estimate the multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios of incident functional disability. We then conducted mediation analysis to assess the magnitude of the mediating effect. Results: Among 84,760 person-years of follow-up, there were 3,984 cases of incident functional disability. The hazard ratio was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.73-0.86) for participating in one type of activity, 0.82 (95% CI: 0.74-0.90) for two types of activity and 0.70 (95% CI: 0.64-0.77) for three types of activity in comparison with no participation in any activity. Among the estimated mediating effects, cognitive activity accounted for 9.3%, time spent walking for 8.3%, psychological state for 4.6%, and social support for 2.8% of the reduced risk of incident functional disability. Conclusion: The results of this population-based cohort study indicate that cognitive activity and time spent walking are important mechanisms linking social participation to incident functional disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug

Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Elderly
  • Functional disability
  • Japan
  • Social participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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