Association between maternal active smoking during pregnancy and placental weight: The Japan environment and Children's study

Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a well-known risk factor for reduced birthweight. However, research investigating the association between maternal smoking and placental weight is scarce and inconsistent. Our study was conducted to evaluate the association between maternal smoking and placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio (PW/BW ratio). Methods: We used data from a birth cohort study, the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). Main outcome measures were placental weight, PW/BW ratio, and the risk of high PW/BW ratio. High PW/BW ratio was defined as PW/BW ratio above the 90th percentile for gestational age and sex of offspring. The association between maternal smoking and placental weight was estimated as crude and as adjusted beta coefficients by applying linear regression analyses. Logistic regression analyses were also performed to estimate the association between maternal smoking and the risk of high PW/BW ratio. Results: Of the 91,951 pregnant women, the mean placental weight and the mean PW/BW ratio were lowest for the group of women who had never smoked. Smokers had higher odds ratio for high PW/BW ratio compared with non-smokers. Furthermore, among smokers, the mean placental weight and mean PW/BW ratio were lowest in women who smoked less than 5 daily cigarettes, and highest in women who smoked 20 or more daily cigarettes during pregnancy. Discussion: Placental weight was greater and PW/BW ratio was higher among smokers compared with non-smokers. Moreover, the number of daily cigarettes was positively associated with heavy placental weight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalPlacenta
Volume94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Keywords

  • JECS
  • Maternal smoking
  • Placental weight to birthweight ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Developmental Biology

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