Objective: There have been increasing reports on the association between cesarean section (C-section) and the subsequent development of diseases in infants. C-section affects the diversity of microbiota in the infant's gut. In the present study, we investigated the association between infants delivered by C-section and the development of constipation at 1 year old due to altered gut microbiota using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). Results: This cohort study (n = 83,019) used data from JECS, an ongoing cohort study which began in January 2011. Data on bowel movement and potential confounding factors were recorded. A log-binomial regression model was used to estimate the risk of C-section, and the results were expressed as risk ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals. Although infants delivered by C-section were of significantly younger gestational age and lesser birth weight than vaginally delivered infants, the frequency of bowel movements was almost similar between the two, independent of the mode of delivery. The prevalence of constipation in the entire infant was 1.37%. No significant differences were observed for C-section in crude and adjusted risk ratios for constipation.
- Birth cohort
- Cesarean section
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)