Association between cardiovascular mortality and economic development: A spatio-temporal study for prefectures in Japan

Emerson Augusto Baptista, Kaoru Kakinuma, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we use a bivariate choropleth map to investigate the relationship between mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, by sex, in Japanese prefectures from 1996 to 2015. The overall results show a decline in age-standardized CVD mortality rates in all prefectures, for both men and women, and suggest that GDP per capita has varied over the period. We also observed that the relationship between CVD mortality rates and GDP per capita at the prefecture level does not have an overall pattern of the same or inverse association, but is instead a heterogeneous relationship. We argue that this study provides useful clues to policy makers for establishing effective measures for public health planning and the prevention of deaths from CVD. As demonstrated by this study, mapping of the CVD burden in Japan helps to clarify regional differences in life expectancy and health status across regions and identify prefectures where more targeted policy attention may be needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1311
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Keywords

  • Bivariate choropleth map
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Economic development
  • Global Burden of Disease Study 2017
  • Gross domestic product (GDP)
  • Japan
  • Mortality
  • Prefectures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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