It is already known that adult height is a factor associated with an increased risk of colon cancer and postmenopausal breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, premenopausal breast cancer, and ovarian cancer. However, the association between adult height and lung cancer incidence remains unclear. The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between adult height and the risk of lung cancer incidence in the Japanese population. We analyzed data for 43,743 men and women who were 40-64 years old at the baseline in 1990. We divided the participants into quintiles based on height at the baseline. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to estimate the multivariate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the incidence of lung cancer according to adult height, after adjustment for potential confounders. We identified 1,101 incident case of lung cancer during 24.5 years of follow-up. The multivariate HRs and 95% CIs for the highest category relative to the lowest were 1.48 (1.15-1.91) in men and 1.35 (0.91-1.99) in women. Furthermore, the association between adult height and the incidence of lung cancer was found the significant increased risk among ever smokers in men, but not never smokers. We also observed that adult height tend to be associated with an increased risk of small cell lung cancer and squamous cell carcinoma. This prospective cohort study has demonstrated a positive association between adult height and the risk of lung cancer incidence among men, especially those who have ever smoked.
- Adult height
- Lung cancer
- Prospective cohort study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)