Assisting the diagnosis of thyroid diseases with bayesian-type and SOM-type neural networks making use of routine test data

Kenji Hoshi, Junko Kawakami, Wataru Sato, Kenichi Sato, Akira Sugawara, Yoshihiko Saito, Katsumi Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with hyperthyroidism sometimes take much time to receive the final diagnosis. To improve patient QOL, simple screening for hyperthyroidism by thyroid non-specialists at the physical check-up is highly expected. Therefore, we applied both Bayesian-type and SOM-type neural networks since we assured the approach useful in analysing thyroid function diagnosis in the previous work. Routine test (14 parameters) data from 66 subjects with a known diagnosis (18 patients with hyperthyroidism and 48 healthy volunteers) were adopted as learning data, and then 142 individuals who also received the same routine tests at the Tohoku University Hospital were screened to predict patients with hyperthyroidism. Both neural networks using 14 parameters predicted several patients as having hyperthyroidism with high probability, including all three hyperthyroid patients diagnosed later by the physician. Further detailed analysis of the routine test parameters that were important for classification found that screening with a set of three parameters (alkaline phosphatase, serum creatinine and total cholesterol) or plus aspartate aminotransferase allowed for quite accurate screening. These results showed that the same neural networks as previous work allows simple screening of patients for hyperthyroidism on the basis of routine test data, and that physicians not specializing in the thyroid can rapidly identify individuals suspected of having hyperthyroidism, to permit a rapid referral for examination and treatment by thyroid specialists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1162-1169
Number of pages8
JournalChemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume54
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Bayesian neural network
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Routine test data
  • Screening
  • Self-organizing map
  • Thyroid function diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Drug Discovery

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