Assessment of copy number variations in the brain genome of schizophrenia patients

Miwako Sakai, Yuichiro Watanabe, Toshiyuki Someya, Kazuaki Araki, Masako Shibuya, Kazuhiro Niizato, Kenichi Oshima, Yasuto Kunii, Hirooki Yabe, Junya Matsumoto, Akira Wada, Mizuki Hino, Takeshi Hashimoto, Akitoyo Hishimoto, Noboru Kitamura, Shuji Iritani, Osamu Shirakawa, Kiyoshi Maeda, Akinori Miyashita, Shin Ichi NiwaHitoshi Takahashi, Akiyoshi Kakita, Ryozo Kuwano, Hiroyuki Nawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cytogenomic mutations and chromosomal abnormality are implicated in the neuropathology of several brain diseases. Cell heterogeneity of brain tissues makes their detection and validation difficult, however. In the present study, we analyzed gene dosage alterations in brain DNA of schizophrenia patients and compared those with the copy number variations (CNVs) identified in schizophrenia patients as well as with those in Asian lymphocyte DNA and attempted to obtain hints at the pathological contribution of cytogenomic instability to schizophrenia. Results: Brain DNA was extracted from postmortem striatum of schizophrenia patients and control subjects (n∈=∈48 each) and subjected to the direct two color microarray analysis that limits technical data variations. Disease-associated biases of relative DNA doses were statistically analyzed with Bonferroni's compensation on the premise of brain cell mosaicism. We found that the relative gene dosage of 85 regions significantly varied among a million of probe sites. In the candidate CNV regions, 26 regions had no overlaps with the common CNVs found in Asian populations and included the genes (i.e., ANTXRL, CHST9, DNM3, NDST3, SDK1, STRC, SKY) that are associated with schizophrenia and/or other psychiatric diseases. The majority of these candidate CNVs exhibited high statistical probabilities but their signal differences in gene dosage were less than 1.5-fold. For test evaluation, we rather selected the 10 candidate CNV regions that exhibited higher aberration scores or larger global effects and were thus confirmable by PCR. Quantitative PCR verified the loss of gene dosage at two loci (1p36.21 and 1p13.3) and confirmed the global variation of the copy number distributions at two loci (11p15.4 and 13q21.1), both indicating the utility of the present strategy. These test loci, however, exhibited the same somatic CNV patterns in the other brain region. Conclusions: The present study lists the candidate regions potentially representing cytogenomic CNVs in the brain of schizophrenia patients, although the significant but modest alterations in their brain genome doses largely remain to be characterized further.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalMolecular Cytogenetics
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 12
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CNV
  • Caudate
  • Genome instability
  • Schizophrenia
  • Somatic mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biochemistry, medical

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