Assessment of clinical significance of positive blood cultures of relatively low-virulence isolates

Y. Hirakata, N. Furuya, M. Iwata, F. Kashitani, M. Ishikawa, S. Yumoto, K. Yasui, H. Endoh, A. Marui, M. Kaku, K. Tateda, K. Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Omori Hospital, Toho University School of Medicine, relatively low-virulence blood isolates, including coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), enterococci and non-fermentative gram-negative rods other than Pseudomonas aeruginosa comprised c. 60% of total blood isolates. A retrospective study was conducted to assess their clinical significance by reviewing a total of 91 hospital charts. The physicians' assessments of these positive blood cultures as recorded in the charts were classified into four categories - sepsis, possible sepsis, contamination and no comment. The episodes classified as sepsis accounted for 5.0-19.6%. These episodes were also evaluated by a graded clinical significance score based on multiple factors, including number of positive cultures and clinical signs. The scores for the 91 episodes covered a wide range from 1 to 9, indicating that both contaminants and causative organisms may have been involved. The episodes judged as sepsis or possible sepsis tended to have higher scores. The scores for the episodes associated with enterococci were also higher than those involving CNS or non-fermentative gram-negative rods. The scores for episodes associated with intravenous hyperalimentation catheters were higher than those not associated with the catheters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-198
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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