Assessment of cancer susceptibility in humans by use of genetic polymorphisms in carcinogen metabolism

Shuntaro Ikawa, Fumiyuki Uematsu, Ko Ichi Watanabe, Teiko Kimpara, Motonobu Osada, Anwar Hossain, Ikuko Sagami, Hideaki Kikuchi, Minro Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prevention is an important and effective measure for reducing death caused by cancer. Thus information on individual susceptibility to cancer is valuable in suggesting high risk individuals to avoid intake of carcinogenic substances and receive frequent physical screening. To this end, polymorphisms found within cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes implicated in the metabolism of procarcinogens are expected to be good genetic targets in assessing human cancer susceptibility. We have found polymorphisms in the CYP2E1 and CYP1A1 genes associated with lung cancer susceptibility, though there were some discrepancies from observations made by other investigators. Discrepancies among investigators from different regions, however, are very common in these pharmacogenetic studies. We present an explanation for these discrepancies, difficulties associated with prediction of relative risk of individuals, and future directions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S154-S160
JournalPharmacogenetics
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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