Ascites of rat experimental model of severe acute pancreatitis induces lung injury

Motokazu Fujita, Atsushi Masamune, Akihiko Satoh, Yoshitaka Sakai, Kenichi Satoh, Tooru Shimosegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The molecular mechanisms that lead from acute pancreatitis (AP) to multiple organ failure remain to be clarified. We previously reported that ascitic fluids from a rat model of severe acute pancreatitis (pancreatitis-associated ascitic fluids, PAAF) transcriptionally activated endothelial cells and leukocytes in vitro. To clarify the role of ascitic fluids on the development of multiple organ failure in AP, we examined the effects of PAAF on the prognosis and immunohistologic findings in cerulein pancreatitis, an experimental model of mild pancreatitis in vivo. Intraperitoneal injection of PAAF decreased the survival rates in a dose-dependent manner. Histologically, destruction of vessels, alveolar septal thickening, interstitial hypertrophy, and infiltration of inflammatory cells were prominent in the lung of PAAF-injected rats. Transcription factor, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) was activated and the mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β were increased in the lung of the PAAF-injected rats. The permeability index assessed by Evans blue assay and the lung myeloperoxidase activity levels were significantly higher in the PAAF-injected rats than in controls. Inhibition of NF-κB ameliorated the histologic findings and improved the survival rates. Our results suggest that PAAF play a role in the pathogenesis of lung injury in severe AP, at least in part through the activation of NF-κB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-418
Number of pages10
JournalPancreas
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 May 15

Keywords

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Ascitic fluids
  • Cytokines
  • Lung injury
  • Nuclear factor κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ascites of rat experimental model of severe acute pancreatitis induces lung injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this