A series of experiments has been conducted on the JIPP TII-U tokamak since 1989, using the newly constructed 130 MHz radiofrequency system. It has been predicted theoretically that the fast wave in this frequency range interacts weakly with particles. Two mechanisms of wave absorption have been identified in the experiment: Electron Landau damping/transit time damping and 3rd harmonic ion cyclotron heating. The former mechanism is intimately connected with fast wave current drive and the latter can provide a new regime of plasma heating or a possible method of controlling the transport of alpha particles. It is found that the efficiency of the 3rd harmonic ion cyclotron heating is improved by using it in combination with neutral beam injection and ion cyclotron range of frequency heating. The heating efficiency obtained is as high as that of conventional heating. The experimental results are also analysed on the basis of a global wave theory which takes into account wave-particle interactions. These mechanisms of interaction are competing with each other; this will also be the case under more realistic reactor conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics