Application of muse cell therapy to stroke

Kuniyasu Niizuma, Cesar V. Borlongan, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Stroke is defined as a sudden onset of neurologic deficits arising from cerebrovascular complications. It is the second common cause of death around the world and the major cause of disability. Because brain is an organ with complicated neural networks and neurons are highly differentiated, it has been traditionally considered to possess a limited potential for regeneration. The number of stroke patients is increasing, and stroke represents a serious problem from the viewpoint of the national medical economy. Even with the current sophisticated treatments, more than half of stroke patient survivors remain disabled. Therefore, it is imperative to develop a new treatment for promoting functional recovery and repair of the lost neurological circuit. Multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells are endogenous non-tumorigenic stem cells with pluripotency. After transplantation, Muse cells recognize the injured site through their specific receptor for damage signal, home preferentially into these tissues and spontaneously differentiate into tissue-compatible cells to replace the lost cells, and repair the tissue, delivering functional and structural regeneration. These properties are desirable for the treatment of strokes and advantageous compared to other stem cell therapies. Here, we describe the current status of stem cell therapies for stroke and future possibilities of Muse cell therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages167-186
Number of pages20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume1103
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Brain ischemia
  • Cell therapies
  • Cerebral infarction
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Muse cells
  • Regeneration
  • Stem cells
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Niizuma, K., Borlongan, C. V., & Tominaga, T. (2018). Application of muse cell therapy to stroke. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (pp. 167-186). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 1103). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-56847-6_9