Application of disease burden to quantitative assessment of health hazards for a decentralized water reuse system

Tingting Gao, Rong Chen, Xiaochang Wang, Huu Hao Ngo, Yu You Li, Jinhong Zhou, Lu Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this article is to introduce the methodology of disease burden (DB) to quantify the health impact of microbial regrowth during wastewater reuse, using the case study of a decentralized water reuse system in Xi'an Si-yuan University, located in Xi'an, China. Based on field investigation findings, Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella and rotavirus were selected as typical regrowth pathogens causing potential health hazards during the reuse of reclaimed water. Subsequently, major exposure routes including sprinkler irrigation, landscape fountains and toilet flushing were identified. Mathematical models were established to build the relationship between exposure dose and disease burden by calculating the disability adjusted life year (DALY). Results of disease burden for this case study show that DALYs attributed to E. coli were significantly greater than those caused by other pathogens, and DALYs associated with sprinkler irrigation were higher than those originating from other routes. A correlation between exposure dose and disease was obtained by introducing a modified calculation of morbidity, which can extend the assessment endpoint of health risk to disease burden from the conventional infection rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-91
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume551-552
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Keywords

  • DALY
  • Disease burden
  • Health impact
  • Morbidity
  • Pathogen
  • Water reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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