Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Clostridium difficile isolated in Japan

Hiroyuki Kunishima, Junichi Chiba, Michiko Saito, Yoshihiro Honda, Mitsuo Kaku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clostridium difficile is a common causative organism of antimicrobial-associated diarrhea and is often responsible for nosocomial infection. C. difficile infection has traditionally been treated with metronidazole (MNZ) or vancomycin (VCM); however, MNZ-resistant strains have reported in some countries. In this study the broth microdilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 15 drugs against 157 clinical isolates of C. difficile in Japan. All C. difficile isolates tested were susceptible to MNZ; MIC50 was 0.25 μg/ml, MIC90 was 0.5 μg/ml, and MIC range was 0.06-1 μg/ml. C. difficile isolates were also susceptible to VCM; MIC50 was 0.5 μg/ml, MIC90 was 1 μg/ml, and MIC range was 0.12-2 μg/ml. Susceptibility to teicoplanin was also similar: MIC50 was 0.12 μg/ml, MIC90 was 0.12 μg/ml, and MIC range was 0.03-0.25 μg/ml. The susceptibility of C. difficile isolates must be monitored continuously because a strain with reduced susceptibility to MNZ or VCM might emerge in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-362
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

Keywords

  • Antibiotic susceptibility
  • Clostridium difficile
  • Japan
  • Metronidazole
  • Vancomycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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