Anthropometric factors, physical activity, and breast cancer risk in relation to hormone receptor and menopausal status in Japanese women: A case-control study

Masaaki Kawai, Yoichiro Kakugawa, Yoshikazu Nishino, Yohei Hamanaka, Noriaki Ohuchi, Yuko Minami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose The associations between anthropometric factors, physical activity (PA), and breast cancer risk in terms of estrogen-receptor/progesterone-receptor (ER/PgR) status have been unclear in Japanese women. This case- control study was designed to evaluate these associations. Methods From among female patients aged 30 years and over admitted to a single hospital in Japan between 1997 and 2009, 1,017 breast cancer cases (538ER+/PgR+, 125ER+/PgR-, 23 ER-/PgR+, 249 ER-/PgR-, and 82 missing) and 2,902 controls were selected. Height, weight, body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2), and time spent exercising (hours/week) were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Polytomous logistic regression analysis and tests for heterogeneity across ER+/PgR+ and ER-/PgRwere conducted. Results Higher BMI was associated with a higher risk of ER+/PgR+ cancer among women overall [odds ratio (OR) = 2.41, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.37-4.23 for BMI C30.0; Ptrend = 0.0001] and postmenopausal women (OR = 6.24, 95 % CI 2.68-14.53 for BMI ≥30.0; Ptrend < 0.0001). A longer time spent exercising (more than 5 h/week) showed a decreased risk for any type of breast cancer among overall and pre- and postmenopausal women, although this did not reach statistical significance. Height was not associated with any risk. Conclusions Higher BMI is associated with an increased risk of ER+/PgR+ cancer among women overall and postmenopausal women. PA might be associated with a decreased risk of any type. To prevent breast cancer, weight control and PA are important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1033-1044
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May

Keywords

  • Anthropometric factors
  • Breast cancer
  • Case-control study
  • Hormone receptor
  • Menopausal status
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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