High-speed heavy plastic deformation of thin foils of fcc metals, including aluminium, is found to produce a high density of small vacancy clusters, in the form of stacking-fault tetrahedra. The dependences of the density of the clusters on the deformation temperature and deformation rate indicate the production of vacancy clusters from deformation-induced dispersed vacancies. Neither dislocations nor any indication of the reaction of dislocations are present in the regions containing a high density of vacancy clusters. A possible model is proposed that describes, at extremely high strain rates where dislocation generation is difficult, how a high concentration of point defects is produced by a large number of parallel shifts of atomic planes without dislocations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics