Barium-filled skutterudites BayCo4Sb12 with an anomalously large filling fraction of up to y=0.44 have been synthesized. The lattice parameters increase linearly with Ba content. Magnetic susceptibility data show that Ba0.44Co4Sb12 is paramagnetic, which implies that some of the Co atoms in BayCo4Sb12 have acquired a magnetic moment. The presence of the two different valence states of Co (Co3+ and Co2+) leads to the anomalously large barium filling fraction even without extra charge compensation. All samples show n-type conduction. The electrical conductivity increases with increasing the Ba filling fraction. The lattice thermal conductivity of BayCo4Sb12 is significantly depressed as compared to unfilled Co4Sb12. The dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, increases with increasing temperature reaching a maximum value of 1.1 for Ba0.24Co4Sb12 at 850 K.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)