Anion-Substitution-Induced Nonrigid Variation of Band Structure in SrNbO 3-x Nx (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) Epitaxial Thin Films

Daichi Oka, Yasushi Hirose, Masanori Kaneko, Shoichiro Nakao, Tomoteru Fukumura, Koichi Yamashita, Tetsuya Hasegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pervoskite oxynitrides exhibit rich functionalities such as colossal magnetoresistance and high photocatalytic activity. The wide tunability of physical properties by the N/O ratio makes perovskite oxynitrides promising as optical and electrical materials. However, composition-dependent variation of the band structure, especially under partially substituted composition, is not yet well understood. In this study, we quantitatively analyzed the composition-dependent variation of band structure of a series of SrNbO 3-x N x (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.02) epitaxial thin films. Electrical conductivity decreased along with the increase of N content x as a result of an increase in Nb valence from 4+ to 5+. Optical measurements revealed that the N 2p band is formed at a critical composition between 0.07 < x < 0.38, which induces charge-transfer transition (CTT) in the visible-light region. These variations in the band structure were explained by first-principles calculations. However, the CTT energy slightly increased at higher N contents (i.e., lower carrier density) on contrary to the expectation based on the rigid-band-like shift of the Fermi level, which suggests a complex combination of the following band-shifting effects induced by N-substitution: whereas (1) reduction of the Burstein-Moss effect causes CTT energy reduction, (2) enhancement of hybridization between Nb 4d and N 2p orbitals and/or (3) suppression of many-body effects enlarge the band gap energy at larger N content. The band structure variation in perovskite oxynitride as presently elucidated would be a guidepost for future material design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35008-35015
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 17

Keywords

  • band engineering
  • epitaxial thin film
  • oxide
  • oxynitride
  • perovskite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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