Angular dependences of critical current density in YBCO thin films with crossed columnar defects

T. Sueyoshi, S. Yutani, T. Sogo, K. Yonekura, A. Adachi, T. Fujiyoshi, F. Mitsugi, T. Ikegami, N. Ishikawa, S. Awaji, K. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the dependences of the critical current density J c on the magnetic field angle θ in YBa2Cu 3O7 δ thin films with the crossed configurations of the columnar defects (CDs). To install the crossed CDs, the films were irradiated using the high energetic Xe ions at two angles relative to the c-axis. The additional peak around the c-axis appears in the J c(θ) for all irradiated films. In lower magnetic fields, the height of the Jc(θ) peak caused by the crossed CDs with the crossing angles θi = ±10° was higher than that for the parallel CDs. It is considered that the correlation of the flux pinning by the crossed CDs along the c-axis occurs even in the case of θi = ±25°, which was also suggested by the kink behaviors of the scaling parameters of the current-voltage characteristics near 1/3 of the matching field. In higher magnetic fields, on the other hand, the height and width of the Jc(θ) peak for the crossed CD configurations rapidly reduce with increasing the magnetic field compared to the parallel ones. In the crossed CD configurations, the dispersion in the direction of CDs would prevent the correlation of flux pinning along the c-axis in high magnetic fields, which occurs in the parallel CD configurations due to the collective pinning of flux lines including the interstitial flux lines between the directly pinned flux lines by CDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1299
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1


  • Artificial pinning centers
  • Critical current density
  • Crossed columnar defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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