Anger, blame, and dimensions of perceived norm violations: Culture, gender, and relationships

Ken Ichi Ohbuchi, Toru Tamura, Brian M. Quigley, James T. Tedeschi, Nawaf Madi, Michael H. Bond, Amelie Mummendey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


From a social cognitive perspective on anger, we attempted to examine the structure of perceived norm violations and their relationships with anger. We asked 884 university students from 4 countries (United States, Germany, Japan, and Hong Kong) to rate their experiences of being harmed in terms of norm violations, angry feelings, blame, and relationship with the harm doers. We found 2 culturally common dimensions in perceived norm violations (informal interpersonal norms and formal societal norms), and these dimensions substantially increased both angry feelings and blame in almost all cultural groups. The violation of interpersonal norms generally evoked anger more frequently than that of societal norms, but there were interactions between culture and relationship closeness and between gender and relationship closeness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1587-1603
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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