Anestesia para paciente com cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito portador de cardioversor desfibrilador implantável: descrição de caso

Translated title of the contribution: Anesthetic management in a patient with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: a case report

Yoko Ohyama, Hiroshi Hoshijima, Jun Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and objectives: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic cardiomyopathy characterized by potentially lethal ventricular tachycardia. Here we describe a patient with ARVC and an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) in whom maxillary sinus surgery was performed under general anesthesia. Case report: The patient was a 59 year-old man who was scheduled to undergo maxillary sinus surgery under general anesthesia. He had been diagnosed as having ARVC 15 years earlier and had undergone implantation of an ICD in the same year. Electrocardiography showed an epsilon wave in leads II, aVR, and V1–V3. Cardiac function was within normal range on transthoracic echocardiography. The ICD was temporarily deactivated after the patient arrived in the operating room and an intravenous line was secured. An external defibrillator was kept on hand for immediate defibrillation if any electrocardiographic abnormality was detected. Remifentanil 0.3 μg/kg/min, fentanyl 0.1 mg, propofol 154 mg, and rocuronium 46 mg were administered for induction of anesthesia. Tracheal intubation was performed orally. Anesthesia was maintained oxygen 1.0 L.min-1, air 2.0 L.min-1, propofol 5.0–7.0 mg.kg-1.h-1, and remifentanil 0.1–0.25 μg.kg-1.min-1. The surgery was completed as scheduled and the ICD was reactivated. The patient was then extubated after administration of sugammadex 200 mg. Conclusion: We report the successful management of anesthesia without lethal arrhythmia in a patient with ARVC and an ICD. An adequate amount of analgesia should be administered during general anesthesia to maintain adequate anesthetic depth and to avoid stress and pain.

Translated title of the contributionAnesthetic management in a patient with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: a case report
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)302-305
Number of pages4
JournalRevista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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