Quantum Hall=superconductor junctions have been an attractive topic as the two macroscopically quantum states join at the interface. Despite longstanding efforts, however, experimental understanding of this system has not been settled yet. One of the reasons is that most semiconductors hosting high-mobility two-dimensional electron systems (2DES) usually form Schottky barriers at the metal contacts, preventing efficient proximity between the quantum Hall edge states and Cooper pairs. Only recently have relatively transparent 2DES=superconductor junctions been investigated in graphene. In this study, we propose another material system for investigating 2DES=superconductor junctions, that is ZnO-based heterostructure. Due to the ionic nature of ZnO, a Schottky barrier is not effectively formed at the contact with a superconductor MoGe, as evidenced by the appearance of Andreev reflection at low temperatures. With applying magnetic field, while clear quantum Hall effect is observed for ZnO 2DES, conductance across the junction oscillates with the filling factor of the quantum Hall states. We find that Andreev reflection is suppressed in the well developed quantum Hall regimes, which we interpret as a result of equal probabilities of normal and Andreev reflections as a result of multiple Andreev reflection at the 2DES=superconductor interface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)