Anchorage and retentive effects of a bisphosphonate (AHBuBP) on tooth movements in rats

Kaoru Igarashi, Hideo Mitani, Haruki Adachi, Hisashi Shinoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 4-amino-1-hydroxybutylidene-1, 1-bisphosphonate (AHBuBP), a potent blocker of bone resorption, on orthodontic tooth movements in rats. In the first experiment, the right and left upper first molars were moved buccally for 3 weeks with a uniform standardized expansion spring under systemic administration of AHBuBP every other day. The total tooth movement during the 3-week experimental period was 40% of that in the control at a dose of 0.5 mg P/kg. In the second experiment, the right and left upper first molars were first moved buccally for 3 weeks without AHBuBP. The spring was then removed and administration of AHBuBP was initiated. The total relapse movement during the 3-week experimental period was 50% of that in the control at a dose of 0.5 mg P/kg. Results of the first and second experiments were both dose dependent. Histologic examination showed that in the experimental animals fewer osteoclasts appeared on the alveolar bone surface, and both bone resorption and root resorption were inhibited. Inhibition of tooth movement was also observed when AHBuBP was applied topically. These results suggest that AHBuBP could be useful in enhancing anchorage or retaining teeth in orthodontic treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-289
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Sep
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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