The anatomies and biomechanics of the glenohumeral joint and the scapulothoracic articulation are the subjects of this article. The anatomies of bones, joints, ligaments, and muscles are described in detail, and current biomechanical concepts concerning motion, stability, and force are presented. Morphologic and biomechanical changes in pathologic conditions briefly are described.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine