Anaphylatoxin C3a induces rapid protein phosphorylation in guinea pig platelets

Yoshihiro Fukuoka, Takehiko Tachibana, Akira Yasui

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    5 Citations (Scopus)


    We investigated C3a signal transduction using guinea pig platelets. Anaphylatoxin C3a induced cytosolic calcium influx and turnover of inositol phospholipids and caused protein phosporylation via specific C3a receptors on guinea pig platelets. Phosphorylation of 40 kDa and 20 kDa proteins was detected within 30 s after C3a stimulation. From phosphoamino acid analysis of both proteins, it was found that about 80% was serine and 20% was threonine. Phosphorylation was decreased by pretreatment of platelets with calcium blockers, diltiazem and TMB-8. A protein kinase C inhibitor, staurosporine, effectively blocked phosphorylation of both proteins, but H-7 did not. The effects of these inhibitors on platelet aggregation were correlated with their effects on protein phosphorylation. These results suggest that protein-serine/ threonine phosphorylation is important for C3a signal transduction in guinea pig platelets and that the isoenzyme of protein kinase C or another kinase probably participates in such protein phosphorylation. C3a also caused protein-tyrosine phosphorylation of 56 kDa and 33-36 kDa proteins within 30 s. Staurosporine effectively blocked phosphorylation of these bands. It is suggested that tyrosine kinase also may be involved in C3a signalling in guinea pig platelets.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)95-104
    Number of pages10
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1


    • Anaphylatoxin C3a
    • Guinea pig platelet
    • Phosphorylation
    • Protein kinase C
    • Tyrosine kinase

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pharmacology


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