Analyzing soil-available phosphorus by the Mehlich-3 extraction method to recommend a phosphorus fertilizer application rate for maize production in northern Mozambique

Hisashi Nasukawa, Ryosuke Tajima, Boaventura Isac Jonas Muacha, Maria Clarinda Filomena Pereira, Kazuhiro Naruo, Satoshi Nakamura, Monrawee Fukuda, Toyoaki Ito, Koki Homma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The available phosphorus (P) in soil is a major limiting factor for maize productivity in the Nacala corridor, Mozambique. In this study, soils were collected from three representative sites, Ribaue, Nampula, and Nacala, in the area, and each was used for maize pot experiment with five P fertilizer levels. The soil-available P content was determined by the Mehlich-3 method at 30 days after P fertilization. The shoot biomass and P concentration at the tasseling stage increased as the P fertilizer level increased and were significantly expressed as a function of soil-available P. Based on the function, the available P that attains 90% of the maximum shoot biomass was estimated as 79 mg P2O5 kg−1. Consequently, the results in this study suggest a recommendation of 32–74 kg P2O5 ha−1 fertilizer for maize production in the Nacala corridor although a field evaluation and economical evaluation are necessary. Abbreviations: Ex-: exchangeable cations; M-3: Mehlich-3; T-N: total nitrogen; T-C: total carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-214
Number of pages4
JournalPlant Production Science
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 3

Keywords

  • Maize
  • Mehlich-3
  • Nacala corridor
  • phosphorus fertilizer
  • plant phosphorus concentration
  • shoot biomass
  • soil-available phosphorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Analyzing soil-available phosphorus by the Mehlich-3 extraction method to recommend a phosphorus fertilizer application rate for maize production in northern Mozambique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this