Analysis on the phenotype of E-FABP-gene knockout mice

Yuji Owada, Ichiro Suzuki, Tetsuo Noda, Hisatake Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fatty acids are shown to be critical in the maintenance of the water permeability barrier that is ascribed to the lipids in the intracellular milieu of the cornified cell layer in the epidermis. In view of this importance in the skin, we examined the pheno-type of epidermal fatty acid binding protein (E-FABP)-deficient mice. In spite of total lack of E-FABP expression in the various tissues of E-FABP deficient mice, these animals appeared normal in gross and histological examination. In Northern blot analysis for other FABPs, the gene expression of heart (H-)-type FABP is specifically elevated in the liver of neonatal heterozygous and homozygous mice, suggesting the functional compensation of H-FABP for E-FABP deficiency during their development. In functional analyses of the skin, the basal transepidermal water loss (TEWL) of the adult homozygous mice showed lower levels compared with the wild-type mice, and the impairment of recovery in TEWL was observed in the homozygous mice when the lipid barrier of the skin was disrupted by acetone. These results demonstrate that E-FABP is responsible for the water permeability barrier of the skin, although the molecular mechanism remains to be further elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-86
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume239
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Oct

Keywords

  • Epidermal FABP
  • Epidermal water barrier
  • Gene knock out

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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