Analysis of Yield Production Process in Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor Moench) I. Elongation patterns of leaf blade, leaf sheath and elongated internode

Satoshi Nakamura, Yusuke Goto, Kiyochika Hoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The harvest object of a sweet sorghum plant is all parts of shoot which mainly consists of a juicy main stem, leaf blades and leaf sheaths. To obtain higher yield, it is important to understand in detail the yield production process. However, little has been known about plant age for sweet sorghum, which is an important parameter to predict the growth patterns of elongated internode (IN : defined as that having ? 1.0cm), leaf blade (LB) and leaf sheath (LS). Thus, here we developed a new index of plant age (AL) by using the position of a fully expanded leaf on the stem. This study was conducted to clarify the elongation patterns of IN, LB and LS. Two cultivars, Syrup sorgo 2 (S2, a late-maturing) and Hybrid sorgo (HS, a medium-maturing), were gorwn under the field condition in 1992. A conceptional growth curve of IN, LB and LS was drawn by plotting their percentages of elongation on AL. IN (n) (n : natural number) began to elongate at AL (n + 1), rapidly elongated at AL (n + 2) and reached its maximum length at AL (n + 3) ∼AL (n + 4). LB (n) rapidly elongated at AL (n - 4) ∼AL (n - 2) and reached its maximum length at AL (n - 1). LS (n) rapidly elongated at AL (n - 1), reached its maximum length at AL (n)∼AL (n + 1). Thus, AL can serve as an effective means of identifying the stage of IN, LB and LS development during the internode elongation stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Crop Science
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Age
  • Elongated internode
  • Growth curve
  • Leaf blade
  • Leaf sheath
  • Length of internode
  • Sweet sorghum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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