Analysis of unique mutations in the LPAR6 gene identified in a Japanese family with autosomal recessive woolly hair/hypotrichosis: Establishment of a useful assay system for LPA6

Ryota Hayashi, Asuka Inoue, Yasushi Suga, Junken Aoki, Yutaka Shimomura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Woolly hair (WH) is a hair shaft anomaly characterized by tightly-curled hair and is frequently associated with hypotrichosis. Non-syndromic forms of WH can show either autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance. The autosomal recessive form of WH (ARWH) is caused by mutations in either lipase H (LIPH) or lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6 (LPAR6) gene, encoding an LPA-producing enzyme PA-PLA1α and an LPA receptor LPA6, respectively. Objective: To define the molecular basis of ARWH/hypotrichosis in a Japanese family. Methods: We performed mutational analysis of candidate genes and a series of expression and in vitro functional analyses, which we improved in this study, to determine the consequences resulting from the mutations identified in the family. Results: Novel compound heterozygous LPAR6 mutations were identified in the patient. One was a nonsense mutation c.756T>A (p.Tyr252*); the other was a large insertion mutation within the promoter region of LPAR6. Expression studies detected LPAR6 mRNA only from the c.756T>A allele in the patient's hair follicles, suggesting that the insertion in the other allele disrupted the LPAR6 promoter and thus led to a failure of transcription. Furthermore, an improved LPA6 functional assay developed in this study demonstrated aberrant expression and a subsequent loss of function of the p.Tyr252*-mutant protein. Conclusion: Through establishing a useful assay system for LPA6, our results further underscore the crucial roles of LPAR6 in hair follicle development and hair growth in humans at molecular levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-205
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of dermatological science
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Hypotrichosis
  • LIPH
  • LPA
  • LPAR6
  • Woolly hair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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