Analysis of the formation of plastic deformation layer on the surface of polycrystalline metals subjected to a micro-size high-rate shot impact

Shinya Kanou, Masaaki Nishikawa, Hitoshi Soyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of current peening techniques that modify the surface layer of metallic materials on the fatigue strength of those materials has been enhanced by employing a micro-size, high-rate shot impact. The present paper evaluates the effect of impact velocity and impact size on work hardening on the surface of polycrystalline metals subjected to peening. A single-shot impact was modeled based on a polycrystal plasticity finite-element analysis in order to address the effect of grain-order work hardening. Using the finite-element analysis, the effect of the relative size of the shot and the individual grains on the surface work hardening of polycrystalline metal was investigated. Simulated results reveal that the deformation progresses preferentially along the grain boundary rather than inside the grain after a large shot impact, while peening with a small shot can introduce intense work hardening inside the grain just beneath the surface. Moreover, we compared a shot impact and a static indentation whose dimples were almost the same size and confirmed that a high-rate shot impact can generate a significantly work-hardened layer beneath the impacted surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-323
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Crystal plasticity
  • Finite element method
  • Grain
  • Steel
  • Surface modification
  • Work hardening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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