Analysis of masticatory muscle coordination during unilateral single-tooth clenching using muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging

S. Yamaguchi, C. Okada, Y. Watanabe, M. Watanabe, Y. Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a previous study, we used muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging to show that the anterior movement of the occlusal point increased the activity of the superior head of the ipsilateral lateral pterygoid muscle (ipsilateral SHLP) during unilateral single-tooth clenching. The purpose of this study was to verify the hypothesis that the increased activity of the ipsilateral SHLP described above serves to antagonise the occlusal force acting on the condyle. In total, 9 healthy volunteers were requested to perform left unilateral clenching at the first molar or first premolar region for 1 minute at 20% or 40% maximum voluntary clenching force. Changes in the mean proton transverse relaxation time (∆T2) were examined from the magnetic resonance images obtained before and after each clenching act as an index of the activity in all masticatory muscles. Correlation analyses of the mean ΔT2 for each volume of interest were performed with the first molar or premolar clenches to analyse the correlation between the activities in each muscle. A statistically significant correlation was exhibited between the ipsilateral temporal and ipsilateral SHLP (r =.651, P =.003) during first premolar clenching. However, no significant correlations were observed in the ipsilateral SHLP during first molar clenching. The results of this study suggest that the ipsilateral SHLP may contribute to the pulling of the mandibular condyle forward against the occlusal force generated by the ipsilateral temporal muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of oral rehabilitation
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

Keywords

  • activity
  • clenching
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • masticatory muscle
  • occlusal
  • quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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