Analysis of HLA-G long-read genomic sequences in mother–offspring pairs with preeclampsia

Ayako Nishizawa, Kazuki Kumada, Keiko Tateno, Maiko Wagata, Sakae Saito, Fumiki Katsuoka, Satoshi Mizuno, Soichi Ogishima, Masayuki Yamamoto, Jun Yasuda, Junichi Sugawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-induced disorder that is characterized by hypertension and is a leading cause of perinatal and maternal–fetal morbidity and mortality. HLA-G is thought to play important roles in maternal–fetal immune tolerance, and the associations between HLA-G gene polymorphisms and the onset of pregnancy-related diseases have been explored extensively. Because contiguous genomic sequencing is difficult, the association between the HLA-G genotype and preeclampsia onset is controversial. In this study, genomic sequences of the HLA-G region (5.2 kb) from 31 pairs of mother–offspring genomic DNA samples (18 pairs from normal pregnancies/births and 13 from preeclampsia births) were obtained by single-molecule real-time sequencing using the PacBio RS II platform. The HLA-G alleles identified in our cohort matched seven known HLA-G alleles, but we also identified two new HLA-G alleles at the fourth-field resolution and compared them with nucleotide sequences from a public database that consisted of coding sequences that cover the 3.1-kb HLA-G gene span. Intriguingly, a potential association between preeclampsia onset and the poly T stretch within the downstream region of the HLA-G*01:01:01:01 allele was found. Our study suggests that long-read sequencing of HLA-G will provide clues for characterizing HLA-G variants that are involved in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20027
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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