Analysis of heat generation of lithium ion rechargeable batteries used in implantable battery systems for driving undulation pump ventricular assist device

Eiji Okamoto, Masatoshi Nakamura, Yuhta Akasaka, Yusuke Inoue, Yusuke Abe, Tsuneo Chinzei, Itsuro Saito, Takashi Isoyama, Shuichi Mochizuki, Kou Imachi, Yoshinori Mitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed internal battery systems for driving an undulation pump ventricular assist device using two kinds of lithium ion rechargeable batteries. The lithium ion rechargeable batteries have high energy density, long life, and no memory effect; however, rise in temperature of the lithium ion rechargeable battery is a critical issue. Evaluation of temperature rise by means of numerical estimation is required to develop an internal battery system. Temperature of the lithium ion rechargeable batteries is determined by ohmic loss due to internal resistance, chemical loss due to chemical reaction, and heat release. Measurement results of internal resistance (Rcell) at an ambient temperature of 37°C were 0.1 Ω in the lithium ion (Li-ion) battery and 0.03 Ω in the lithium polymer (Li-po) battery. Entropy change (ΔS) of each battery, which leads to chemical loss, was -1.6 to -61.1 J/(mol·K) in the Li-ion battery and -9.6 to -67.5 J/(mol·K) in the Li-po battery depending on state of charge (SOC). Temperature of each lithium ion rechargeable battery under a discharge current of 1 A was estimated by finite element method heat transfer analysis at an ambient temperature of 37°C configuring with measured Rcell and measured ΔS in each SOC. Results of estimation of time-course change in the surface temperature of each battery coincided with results of measurement results, and the success of the estimation will greatly contribute to the development of an internal battery system using lithium ion rechargeable batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-541
Number of pages4
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artificial heart
  • Finite element method
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Undulation pump ventricular assist device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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